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Cincinnati Financial Reports Second-Quarter 2016 Results

CINCINNATI, July 26, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Cincinnati Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: CINF) today reported:

  • Second-quarter 2016 net income of $123 million, or 74 cents per share, compared with $176 million, or $1.06 per share, in the second quarter of 2015.
  • $43 million decrease in operating income* to $95 million, or 57 cents per share, down from $138 million, or 83 cents per share, in the second quarter of last year.
  • $53 million decrease in second-quarter 2016 net income, reflecting the after-tax net effect of two primary items: $47 million reduction in the contribution from property casualty underwriting, including an unfavorable effect from natural catastrophe losses that were $56 million more for second-quarter 2016 compared with the same quarter a year ago; and a $10 million decrease in net realized investment gains.
  • $42.37 book value per share at June 30, 2016, a record-high amount and up $3.17 or 8 percent since December 31, 2015.
  • 10.5 percent value creation ratio for the first six months of 2016, compared with 0.9 percent for the same period of 2015.

 

Financial Highlights


(Dollars in millions except per share data)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,


2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Revenue Data













   Earned premiums


$

1,173



$

1,111



6


$

2,327



$

2,205



6

   Investment income, net of expenses


149



140



6


294



279



5

   Total revenues


1,371



1,316



4


2,735



2,601



5

Income Statement Data













   Net income


$

123



$

176



(30)


$

311



$

304



2

   Realized investment gains, net


28



38



(26)


68



69



(1)

   Operating income*


$

95



$

138



(31)


$

243



$

235



3

Per Share Data (diluted)













   Net income


$

0.74



$

1.06



(30)


$

1.87



$

1.84



2

   Realized investment gains, net


0.17



0.23



(26)


0.41



0.42



(2)

   Operating income*


$

0.57



$

0.83



(31)


$

1.46



$

1.42



3














   Book value








$

42.37



$

39.60



7

   Cash dividend declared


$

0.48



$

0.46



4


$

0.96



$

0.92



4

   Diluted weighted average shares outstanding


166.5



165.5



1


166.3



165.5



0

 

*       The Definitions of Non-GAAP Information and Reconciliation to Comparable GAAP Measures defines and reconciles measures presented in this release that are not based on U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
**     Forward-looking statements and related assumptions are subject to the risks outlined in the company's safe harbor statement.

Insurance Operations Second-Quarter Highlights

  • 99.3 percent second-quarter 2016 property casualty combined ratio, up from 92.4 percent for second-quarter 2015.
  • 5 percent growth in second-quarter net written premiums, largely reflecting premium growth initiatives.
  • $143 million second-quarter 2016 property casualty new business written premiums, up 4 percent. Agencies appointed since the beginning of 2015 contributed $10 million or 7 percent of total new business written premiums.
  • 13 percent growth in second-quarter life insurance earned premiums, with steady progress in life insurance operations and financial contribution.

Investment and Balance Sheet Highlights

  • 6 percent or $9 million increase in second-quarter 2016 pretax investment income, including 17 percent growth for stock portfolio dividends and 4 percent growth for bond interest income.
  • Three-month increase of 4 percent in fair value of total investments at June 30, 2016, including a 6 percent increase for the stock portfolio and a 3 percent increase for the bond portfolio.
  • $1.919 billion parent company cash and marketable securities at June 30, 2016, up 10 percent from year-end 2015.

Investments Bolster Performance
Steven J. Johnston, president and chief executive officer, commented: "Investment income led our second-quarter profits, supported by a 17 percent increase in dividends from our stock portfolio and a 4 percent rise in interest from our bond portfolio. Cash and invested assets reached $16 billion, reflecting higher valuations and new securities purchased with the cash flow from our growing insurance operations. For the first time, total assets exceeded $20 billion at June 30, 2016."

Core Insurance Operations Maintain Improving Trend
"As previously announced, the impact of catastrophe losses this quarter was similar to our 10-year second-quarter average of 13.4 points. Weather-related natural catastrophes accounted for 14.8 points of our 99.3 percent second-quarter combined ratio and 9.0 points of our 95.4 percent six-month combined ratio.

"To evaluate the health of our insurance business beyond this stormy spring, we look at our core underwriting results as measured by our six-month combined ratio before catastrophe losses and before development of reserves for prior accident years. At a satisfactory 91.1 percent, that ratio improved 1.9 points over the same period last year."

Growth Plans on Track
"Our plans remain on track to profitably grow our insurance business with consolidated property casualty net written premiums reaching $2.3 billion in the first half of 2016 – an increase of 6 percent compared with the same period in 2015.

"We're continuing to appoint new agencies and to further refine our skills in pricing precision and policy segmentation. Investments in reinsurance assumed and high net worth personal lines insurance are paying off as these initiatives maintain their positive momentum.

"Cincinnati Re, our reinsurance assumed operation, contributed 2 percentage points to the premium growth we've experienced through June.

"Our high net worth product suite, Executive Capstone™, continues to be met with enthusiasm. For the first half of 2016, new business written premiums from our agencies' high net worth clients totaled nearly $14 million. As we begin building relationships with agents who write high net worth accounts in California and Colorado later this year, we're optimistic that we'll reach our 2016 goal of $25 million in new high net worth business."

Creating Value for Shareholders
"Our value creation ratio, which considers changes to our book value and the dividends we pay to shareholders, is our main measure for evaluating the value we are creating as a company over time. The board increased our dividend rate in January, and so far this year our book value has grown 8 percent to a record high $42.37. These actions contribute to our six-month value creation ratio of 10.5 percent – reaching our 10 percent or better average annual target for this measure."

 

Insurance Operations Highlights

Consolidated Property Casualty Insurance Results

(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,



2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Earned premiums


$

1,114



$

1,059



5



$

2,210



$

2,100



5


Fee revenues


2



2



0



4



4



0


   Total revenues


1,116



1,061



5



2,214



2,104



5















Loss and loss expenses


759



654



16



1,420



1,343



6


Underwriting expenses


347



324



7



688



651



6


   Underwriting profit


$

10



$

83



(88)



$

106



$

110



(4)















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


68.2

%


61.8

%


6.4



64.2

%


63.9

%


0.3


     Underwriting expenses


31.1



30.6



0.5



31.2



31.0



0.2


           Combined ratio


99.3

%


92.4

%


6.9



95.4

%


94.9

%


0.5





















% Change






% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

1,057



$

1,018



4



$

2,085



$

2,001



4


Agency new business written premiums


143



138



4



268



254



6


Cincinnati Re net written premiums


16





nm



35





nm


Other written premiums


(22)



(14)



(57)



(47)



(47)



0


   Net written premiums


$

1,194



$

1,142



5



$

2,341



$

2,208



6















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


57.8

%


60.9

%


(3.1)



59.9

%


62.0

%


(2.1)


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


14.8



7.5



7.3



9.3



6.3



3.0


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(4.4)



(6.6)



2.2



(4.7)



(3.9)



(0.8)


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


0.0



0.0



0.0



(0.3)



(0.5)



0.2


           Loss and loss expense ratio


68.2

%


61.8

%


6.4



64.2

%


63.9

%


0.3















Current accident year combined ratio before

   catastrophe losses


88.9

%


91.5

%


(2.6)



91.1

%


93.0

%


(1.9)















 

  • $52 million or 5 percent growth of second-quarter 2016 property casualty net written premiums and six-month growth of 6 percent, with Cincinnati Re contributing 1 and 2 percentage points for the respective periods. The growth also reflected other growth initiatives, price increases and a higher level of insured exposures.
  • $5 million or 4 percent increase in second-quarter 2016 new business premiums written by agencies and six-month growth of 6 percent, primarily due to contributions from new agency appointments.
  • 1,576 agency relationships in 2,032 reporting locations marketing property casualty insurance products at June 30, 2016, compared with 1,526 agency relationships in 1,956 reporting locations at year-end 2015. During the first six months of 2016, 44 new agency appointments were made for agencies that offer most or all of our property casualty insurance products.
  • 6.9 and 0.5 percentage-point second-quarter and first-half 2016 combined ratio increases, reflecting increases of 7.3 and 3.2 points for losses from natural catastrophes.
  • 4.4 percentage-point second-quarter 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $49 million, compared with 6.6 points or $70 million for second-quarter 2015.
  • 5.0 percentage-point six-month 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with 4.4 points for the 2015 period.
  • 2.1 percentage-point improvement, to 59.9 percent, for the six-month 2016 ratio of current accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes, including an increase of 0.4 points in the ratio for current accident year losses of $1 million or more per claim.
  • 0.2 percentage-point increase in the first-half 2016 underwriting expense ratio, as higher earned premiums and ongoing expense management efforts were slightly offset by strategic investments that include enhancement of underwriting expertise.

 

Commercial Lines Insurance Results



(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,



2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Earned premiums


$

771



$

745



3



$

1,531



$

1,478



4


Fee revenues


1



1



0



2



2



0


   Total revenues


772



746



3



1,533



1,480



4















Loss and loss expenses


500



417



20



969



891



9


Underwriting expenses


246



232



6



488



466



5


   Underwriting profit


$

26



$

97



(73)



$

76



$

123



(38)















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


64.9

%


56.0

%


8.9



63.3

%


60.3

%


3.0


     Underwriting expenses


31.9



31.2



0.7



31.9



31.6



0.3


           Combined ratio


96.8

%


87.2

%


9.6



95.2

%


91.9

%


3.3





















% Change






% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

718



$

699



3



$

1,476



$

1,429



3


Agency new business written premiums


93



93



0



180



172



5


Other written premiums


(14)



(5)



(180)



(32)



(31)



(3)


   Net written premiums


$

797



$

787



1



$

1,624



$

1,570



3















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


55.7

%


58.7

%


(3.0)



58.6

%


59.9

%


(1.3)


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


16.8



5.8



11.0



10.4



5.6



4.8


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(7.4)



(8.6)



1.2



(5.3)



(4.6)



(0.7)


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(0.2)



0.1



(0.3)



(0.4)



(0.6)



0.2


           Loss and loss expense ratio


64.9

%


56.0

%


8.9



63.3

%


60.3

%


3.0















Current accident year combined ratio before

   catastrophe losses


87.6

%


89.9

%


(2.3)



90.5

%


91.5

%


(1.0)















 

  • $10 million or 1 percent increase in second-quarter 2016 commercial lines net written premiums, driven by higher renewal written premiums. Three percent increase in six-month net written premiums.
  • $19 million or 3 percent rise in second-quarter renewal written premiums with commercial lines renewal pricing increases averaging in the low-single-digit percent range.
  • Less than $1 million increase in second-quarter 2016 new business written by agencies, reflecting underwriting and pricing discipline in a competitive market environment. For the six-month period, the increase was 5 percent.
  • 9.6 and 3.3 percentage-point increase in second-quarter and first-half 2016 combined ratio, including increases of 10.7 and 5.0 points for losses from natural catastrophes.
  • 7.6 percentage-point second-quarter 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $58 million, compared with 8.5 points or $63 million for second-quarter 2015.
  • 5.7 percentage-point six-month 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with a six-month 2015 benefit of 5.2 points.
  • 1.3 percentage-point improvement, to 58.6 percent, for the six-month 2016 ratio of current accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes, including an increase of 1.7 points in the ratio for current accident year losses of $1 million or more per claim.

 

Personal Lines Insurance Results



(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,



2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Earned premiums


$

288



$

272



6



$

571



$

540



6


Fee revenues


1





nm



2



1



100


   Total revenues


289



272



6



573



541



6















Loss and loss expenses


224



216



4



397



407



(2)


Underwriting expenses


85



81



5



168



162



4


   Underwriting profit (loss)


$

(20)



$

(25)



(20)



$

8



$

(28)



nm















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


78.0

%


79.6

%


(1.6)



69.5

%


75.3

%


(5.8)


     Underwriting expenses


29.5



29.6



(0.1)



29.4



30.0



(0.6)


           Combined ratio


107.5

%


109.2

%


(1.7)



98.9

%


105.3

%


(6.4)





















% Change






% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

302



$

285



6



$

538



$

508



6


Agency new business written premiums


34



30



13



59



54



9


Other written premiums


(6)



(6)



0



(11)



(12)



8


   Net written premiums


$

330



$

309



7



$

586



$

550



7















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


62.5

%


65.9

%


(3.4)



63.0

%


66.3

%


(3.3)


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


12.1



12.8



(0.7)



7.9



9.2



(1.3)


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


3.1



1.1



2.0



(1.2)



0.2



(1.4)


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


0.3



(0.2)



0.5



(0.2)



(0.4)



0.2


           Loss and loss expense ratio


78.0

%


79.6

%


(1.6)



69.5

%


75.3

%


(5.8)















Current accident year combined ratio before

   catastrophe losses


92.0

%


95.5

%


(3.5)



92.4

%


96.3

%


(3.9)















 

  • $21 million or 7 percent increase in second-quarter 2016 personal lines net written premiums, including growth in new business and higher renewal written premiums that benefited from rate increases. Seven percent increase in six-month net written premiums.
  • $4 million or 13 percent growth in second-quarter new business written by agencies, raising the six-month growth rate to 9 percent. The growth was driven by an increase of approximately $6 million from agencies' high net worth clients during the first six months of 2016.
  • 1.7 and 6.4 percentage-point second-quarter and first-half 2016 combined ratio improvement, including decreases of 0.2 and 1.1 points for losses from natural catastrophes.
  • 3.4 percentage-point second-quarter 2016 unfavorable prior accident year reserve development of $10 million, compared with an unfavorable effect of 0.9 points from adverse reserve development of $2 million for second-quarter 2015.
  • 1.4 percentage-point six-month 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with a six-month 2015 benefit of 0.2 points.
  • 3.3 percentage-point improvement, to 63.0 percent, for the six-month 2016 ratio of current accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes, reflecting a decrease of 3.2 points in the ratio for current accident year losses of $1 million or more per claim.

 

Excess and Surplus Lines Insurance Results



(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,



2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Earned premiums


$

45



$

42



7



$

88



$

82



7


Fee revenues




1



(100)





1



(100)


   Total revenues


45



43



5



88



83



6















Loss and loss expenses


27



21



29



40



45



(11)


Underwriting expenses


13



11



18



26



23



13


   Underwriting profit


$

5



$

11



(55)



$

22



$

15



47















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Loss and loss expenses


58.0

%


49.6

%


8.4



45.2

%


54.4

%


(9.2)


     Underwriting expenses


29.4



26.4



3.0



29.4



27.7



1.7


           Combined ratio


87.4

%


76.0

%


11.4



74.6

%


82.1

%


(7.5)





















% Change






% Change

Agency renewal written premiums


$

37



$

34



9



$

71



$

64



11


Agency new business written premiums


16



15



7



29



28



4


Other written premiums


(2)



(3)



33



(4)



(4)



0


   Net written premiums


$

51



$

46



11



$

96



$

88



9















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change

     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


56.7

%


69.3

%


(12.6)



59.8

%


70.7

%


(10.9)


     Current accident year catastrophe losses


3.2



0.6



2.6



1.9



0.9



1.0


     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(1.9)



(20.2)



18.3



(16.4)



(17.0)



0.6


     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


0.0



(0.1)



0.1



(0.1)



(0.2)



0.1


           Loss and loss expense ratio


58.0

%


49.6

%


8.4



45.2

%


54.4

%


(9.2)















Current accident year combined ratio before

   catastrophe losses


86.1

%


95.7

%


(9.6)



89.2

%


98.4

%


(9.2)















 

  • $5 million or 11 percent increase in second-quarter 2016 excess and surplus lines net written premiums, reflecting higher renewal written premiums that benefited from rate increases averaging near the high end of the low-single-digit range. Nine percent increase in six-month net written premiums.
  • $1 million or 7 percent increase in second-quarter new business written by agencies, raising the six-month growth rate to 4 percent and reflecting careful underwriting in a highly competitive market.
  • 11.4 percentage-point second-quarter 2016 combined ratio increase driven by less favorable prior accident year reserve development. For the six-month 2016 period, the combined ratio improved 7.5 percentage points, primarily due to lower ratios for current accident year loss experience.
  • 1.9 percentage-point second-quarter 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $1 million, compared with 20.3 points or $9 million for second-quarter 2015.
  • 16.5 percentage-point six-month 2016 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with a six-month 2015 benefit of 17.2 points.
  • 10.9 percentage-point improvement, to 59.8 percent, for the six-month 2016 ratio of current accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes, including an increase of 0.6 points in the ratio for current accident year losses of $1 million or more per claim.

 

Life Insurance Subsidiary Results



(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,


2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Term life insurance


$

38



$

35



9



$

75



$

69



9


Universal life insurance


10



9



11



21



19



11


Other life insurance, annuity, and disability income

   products


11



8



38



21



17



24


    Earned premiums


59



52



13



117



105



11


Investment income, net of expenses


39



37



5



77



74



4


Realized investment gains, net




1



(100)



1



2



(50)


Other income


1



1



0



2



2



0


Total revenues


99



91



9



197



183



8


Contract holders' benefits incurred


62



58



7



125



118



6


Underwriting expenses incurred


19



16



19



38



34



12


    Total benefits and expenses


81



74



9



163



152



7


Net income before income tax


18



17



6



34



31



10


Income tax


6



6



0



12



11



9


Net income of the life insurance subsidiary


$

12



$

11



9



$

22



$

20



10















 

  • $7 million or 13 percent increase in second-quarter 2016 earned premiums, including a 9 percent increase for term life insurance, our largest life insurance product line. Three- and six-month growth rates for term life were similar.
  • $2 million improvement in six-month 2016 life insurance subsidiary net income, primarily due to revenue growth for both earned premiums and investment income.
  • $90 million or 10 percent six-month 2016 increase to $962 million in GAAP shareholders' equity for the life insurance subsidiary, largely reflecting an increase in fair value of the fixed-maturity portfolio due to the effects of lower interest rates.

 

Investment and Balance Sheet Highlights

Investments Results



(Dollars in millions)


Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,


2016


2015


% Change


2016


2015


% Change

Investment income, net of expenses


$

149



$

140



6



$

294



$

279



5


Investment interest credited to contract holders'


(22)



(22)



0



(44)



(43)



(2)


Realized investment gains, net


44



60



(27)



105



107



(2)


      Investments profit


$

171



$

178



(4)



$

355



$

343



3















Investment income:













   Interest


$

110



$

106



4



$

219



$

211



4


   Dividends


41



35



17



78



71



10


   Other




1



nm



1



1



0


   Less investment expenses


2



2



0



4



4



0


      Investment income, pretax


149



140



6



294



279



5


      Less income taxes


35



33



6



70



66



6


      Total investment income, after-tax


$

114



$

107



7



$

224



$

213



5















Investment returns:













      Effective tax rate


23.9

%


23.9

%




23.8

%


23.7

%



 Average invested assets plus cash and cash

   equivalents


$

15,223



$

14,534





$

15,014



$

14,488




      Average yield pretax


3.92

%


3.85

%




3.92

%


3.85

%



      Average yield after-tax


3.00



2.94





2.98



2.94




Fixed-maturity returns:













Effective tax rate


27.3

%


27.2

%




27.3

%


27.1

%



Average amortized cost


$

9,480



$

9,143





$

9,421



$

9,085




Average yield pretax


4.64

%


4.64

%




4.65

%


4.65

%



Average yield after-tax


3.38



3.38





3.38



3.39

















 

  • $9 million or 6 percent rise in second-quarter 2016 pretax investment income, including 17 percent growth in equity portfolio dividends and 4 percent growth in interest income.
  • $289 million or 12 percent second-quarter 2016 increase in pretax net unrealized investment portfolio gains, including a $111 million increase for the equity portfolio. The total increase included the offsetting effect of $42 million of pretax net realized gains from investment portfolio security sales or called bonds during the second quarter of 2016, including $38 million from the equity portfolio.

 

Balance Sheet Highlights





(Dollars in millions except share data)


At June 30,


At December 31,


2016


2015

   Total investments


$

15,459



$

14,423


   Total assets


20,151



18,888


   Short-term debt


28



35


   Long-term debt


786



786


   Shareholders' equity


6,971



6,427


   Book value per share


42.37



39.20


   Debt-to-total-capital ratio


10.5

%


11.3

%

 

  • $16.006 billion in consolidated cash and total investments at June 30, 2016, up 7 percent from $14.967 billion at year-end 2015.
  • $10.138 billion bond portfolio at June 30, 2016, with an average rating of A3/A. Fair value increased $254 million or 3 percent during the second quarter of 2016, including $26 million in net purchases of fixed-maturity securities.
  • $5.242 billion equity portfolio was 34.1 percent of total investments, including $2.053 billion in pretax net unrealized gains at June 30, 2016. Second-quarter 2016 increase in fair value of $301 million or 6 percent.
  • $4.600 billion of statutory surplus for the property casualty insurance group at June 30, 2016, up $187 million from $4.413 billion at year-end 2015, after declaring $200 million in dividends to the parent company. For the 12 months ended June 30, 2016, the ratio of net written premiums to surplus was 1.0-to-1, matching year-end 2015.
  • $1.41 three-month 2016 increase in book value per share, including additions of $0.58 from net income before realized gains and $1.31 from investment portfolio realized gains and changes in unrealized gains that were partially offset by deductions of $0.48 from dividends declared to shareholders.
  • Value creation ratio of 10.5 percent for the first six months of 2016, reflecting 3.8 percent from net income before net realized investment gains, which includes underwriting and investment income, and 6.9 percent from investment portfolio realized gains and changes in unrealized gains.

 

For additional information or to register for our conference call webcast, please visit cinfin.com/investors.

About Cincinnati Financial
Cincinnati Financial Corporation offers business, home and auto insurance, our main business, through The Cincinnati Insurance Company and its two standard market property casualty companies. The same local independent insurance agencies that market those policies may offer products of our other subsidiaries, including life and disability income insurance, fixed annuities and surplus lines property and casualty insurance. For additional information about the company, please visit cinfin.com.

 

Mailing Address:

Street Address:

P.O. Box 145496

6200 South Gilmore Road

Cincinnati, Ohio 45250-5496 

Fairfield, Ohio 45014-5141

 

Safe Harbor Statement
This is our "Safe Harbor" statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Our business is subject to certain risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements in this report. Some of those risks and uncertainties are discussed in our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1A, Risk Factors, Page 26.

Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

  • Unusually high levels of catastrophe losses due to risk concentrations, changes in weather patterns, environmental events, terrorism incidents or other causes
  • Increased frequency and/or severity of claims or development of claims that are unforeseen at the time of policy issuance
  • Inadequate estimates, assumptions or reliance on third-party data used for critical accounting estimates
  • Declines in overall stock market values negatively affecting the company's equity portfolio and book value
  • Domestic and global events resulting in capital market or credit market uncertainty, followed by prolonged periods of economic instability or recession, that lead to:
    • Significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of a particular security or group of securities and impairment of the asset(s)
    • Significant decline in investment income due to reduced or eliminated dividend payouts from a particular security or group of securities
    • Significant rise in losses from surety and director and officer policies written for financial institutions or other insured entities
  • Prolonged low interest rate environment or other factors that limit the company's ability to generate growth in investment income or interest rate fluctuations that result in declining values of fixed-maturity investments, including declines in accounts in which we hold bank-owned life insurance contract assets
  • Recession or other economic conditions resulting in lower demand for insurance products or increased payment delinquencies
  • Difficulties with technology or data security breaches, including cyberattacks, that could negatively affect our ability to conduct business and our relationships with agents, policyholders and others
  • Disruption of the insurance market caused by technology innovations such as driverless cars that could decrease consumer demand for insurance products
  • Delays, inadequate data developed internally or from third parties, or performance inadequacies from ongoing development and implementation of underwriting and pricing methods, including telematics and other usage-based insurance methods, or technology projects and enhancements expected to increase our pricing accuracy, underwriting profit and competitiveness
  • Increased competition that could result in a significant reduction in the company's premium volume
  • Changing consumer insurance-buying habits and consolidation of independent insurance agencies that could alter our competitive advantages
  • Inability to obtain adequate ceded reinsurance on acceptable terms, amount of reinsurance coverage purchased, financial strength of reinsurers and the potential for nonpayment or delay in payment by reinsurers
  • Inability to defer policy acquisition costs for any business segment if pricing and loss trends would lead management to conclude that segment could not achieve sustainable profitability
  • Inability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends consistent with current or past levels
  • Events or conditions that could weaken or harm the company's relationships with its independent agencies and hamper opportunities to add new agencies, resulting in limitations on the company's opportunities for growth, such as:
    • Downgrades of the company's financial strength ratings
    • Concerns that doing business with the company is too difficult
    • Perceptions that the company's level of service, particularly claims service, is no longer a distinguishing characteristic in the marketplace
    • Inability or unwillingness to nimbly develop and introduce coverage product updates and innovations that our competitors offer and consumers expect to find in the marketplace
  • Actions of insurance departments, state attorneys general or other regulatory agencies, including a change to a federal system of regulation from a state-based system, that:
    • Impose new obligations on us that increase our expenses or change the assumptions underlying our critical accounting estimates
    • Place the insurance industry under greater regulatory scrutiny or result in new statutes, rules and regulations
    • Restrict our ability to exit or reduce writings of unprofitable coverages or lines of business
    • Add assessments for guaranty funds, other insurance-related assessments or mandatory reinsurance arrangements; or that impair our ability to recover such assessments through future surcharges or other rate changes
    • Increase our provision for federal income taxes due to changes in tax law
    • Increase our other expenses
    • Limit our ability to set fair, adequate and reasonable rates
    • Place us at a disadvantage in the marketplace
    • Restrict our ability to execute our business model, including the way we compensate agents
  • Adverse outcomes from litigation or administrative proceedings
  • Events or actions, including unauthorized intentional circumvention of controls, that reduce the company's future ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  • Unforeseen departure of certain executive officers or other key employees due to retirement, health or other causes that could interrupt progress toward important strategic goals or diminish the effectiveness of certain longstanding relationships with insurance agents and others
  • Events, such as an epidemic, natural catastrophe or terrorism, that could hamper our ability to assemble our workforce at our headquarters location

Further, the company's insurance businesses are subject to the effects of changing social, global, economic and regulatory environments. Public and regulatory initiatives have included efforts to adversely influence and restrict premium rates, restrict the ability to cancel policies, impose underwriting standards and expand overall regulation. The company also is subject to public and regulatory initiatives that can affect the market value for its common stock, such as measures affecting corporate financial reporting and governance. The ultimate changes and eventual effects, if any, of these initiatives are uncertain.

* * *


 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Income (unaudited)

(Dollars in millions)





June 30,


December 31,






2016


2015

Assets








 Investments





$

15,459



$

14,423


 Cash and cash equivalents





547



544


 Premiums receivable





1,529



1,431


 Reinsurance recoverable





557



542


Deferred policy acquisition costs





624



616


  Other assets





1,435



1,332


Total assets





$

20,151



$

18,888










Liabilities








   Insurance reserves





$

7,594



$

7,301


   Unearned premiums





2,349



2,201


   Deferred income tax





844



638


   Long-term debt and capital lease obligations





825



821


   Other liabilities





1,568



1,500


Total liabilities





13,180



12,461










Shareholders' Equity








   Common stock and paid-in capital





1,634



1,629


   Retained earnings





4,915



4,762


   Accumulated other comprehensive income





1,714



1,344


   Treasury stock





(1,292)



(1,308)


Total shareholders' equity





6,971



6,427


Total liabilities and shareholders' equity





$

20,151



$

18,888










(Dollars in millions except per share data)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,


2016


2015


2016


2015

Revenues








   Earned premiums

$

1,173



$

1,111



$

2,327



$

2,205


   Investment income, net of expenses

149



140



294



279


   Realized investment gains, net

44



60



105



107


   Other revenues

5



5



9



10


      Total revenues

1,371



1,316



2,735



2,601










Benefits and Expenses








   Insurance losses and contract holders' benefits

821



712



1,545



1,461


   Underwriting, acquisition and insurance expenses

366



340



726



685


   Interest expense

13



13



26



26


   Other operating expenses

5



3



7



7


      Total benefits and expenses

1,205



1,068



2,304



2,179










Income Before Income Taxes

166



248



431



422










Provision for Income Taxes

43



72



120



118










Net Income

$

123



$

176



$

311



$

304










Per Common Share:








   Net income—basic

$

0.75



$

1.07



$

1.89



$

1.85


   Net income—diluted

0.74



1.06



1.87



1.84


 


Definitions of Non-GAAP Information and Reconciliation to Comparable GAAP Measures
(See attached tables for reconciliations; additional prior-period reconciliations available at cinfin.com/investors.)

Cincinnati Financial Corporation prepares its public financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). Statutory data is prepared in accordance with statutory accounting rules as defined by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' (NAIC) Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, and therefore is not reconciled to GAAP data.

Management uses certain non-GAAP and non-statutory financial measures to evaluate its primary business areas – property casualty insurance, life insurance and investments. Management uses these measures when analyzing both GAAP and non-GAAP measures to improve its understanding of trends in the underlying business and to help avoid incorrect or misleading assumptions and conclusions about the success or failure of company strategies. Management adjustments to GAAP measures generally: apply to non-recurring events that are unrelated to business performance and distort short-term results; involve values that fluctuate based on events outside of management's control; supplement reporting segment disclosures with disclosures for a subsidiary company or for a combination of subsidiaries or reporting segments; or relate to accounting refinements that affect comparability between periods, creating a need to analyze data on the same basis.

  • Operating income: Operating income is calculated by excluding net realized investment gains and losses (defined as realized investment gains and losses after applicable federal and state income taxes) from net income. Management evaluates operating income to measure the success of pricing, rate and underwriting strategies. While realized investment gains (or losses) are integral to the company's insurance operations over the long term, the determination to realize investment gains or losses in any period may be subject to management's discretion and is independent of the insurance underwriting process. Also, under applicable GAAP accounting requirements, gains and losses can be recognized from certain changes in market values of securities without actual realization. Management believes that the level of realized investment gains or losses for any particular period, while it may be material, may not fully indicate the performance of ongoing underlying business operations in that period.
    For these reasons, many investors and shareholders consider operating income to be one of the more meaningful measures for evaluating insurance company performance. Equity analysts who report on the insurance industry and the company generally focus on this metric in their analyses. The company presents operating income so that all investors have what management believes to be a useful supplement to GAAP information.
  • Value creation ratio: This is a measure of shareholder value creation that management believes captures the contribution of the company's insurance operations, the success of its investment strategy and the importance placed on paying cash dividends to shareholders. The value creation ratio measure is made up of two primary components: (1) rate of growth in book value per share plus (2) the ratio of dividends declared per share to beginning book value per share. Management believes this non-GAAP measure is a useful supplement to GAAP information, providing a meaningful measure of long-term progress in creating shareholder value. It is intended to be all-inclusive regarding changes in book value per share, and uses originally reported book value per share in cases where book value per share has been adjusted, such as adoption of Accounting Standards Updates with a cumulative effect of a change in accounting.
  • Consolidated property casualty insurance results: To supplement reporting segment disclosures related to our property casualty insurance operations, we also evaluate results for those operations on a basis that includes results for our property casualty insurance and brokerage services subsidiaries. That is the total of our commercial lines, personal lines and our excess and surplus lines segment plus our reinsurance assumed operations.
  • Life insurance subsidiary results: To supplement life insurance reporting segment disclosures related to our life insurance operation, we also evaluate results for that operation on a basis that includes life insurance subsidiary investment income, or investment income plus net realized investment gains, that are also included in our investments reporting segment. We recognize that assets under management, capital appreciation and investment income are integral to evaluating the success of the life insurance segment because of the long duration of life products.
  • Statutory accounting rules: For public reporting, insurance companies prepare financial statements in accordance with GAAP. However, insurers also must calculate certain data according to statutory accounting rules as defined in the NAIC's Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, which may be, and has been, modified by various state insurance departments. Statutory data is publicly available, and various organizations use it to calculate aggregate industry data, study industry trends and compare insurance companies.
  • Written premium: Under statutory accounting rules, property casualty written premium is the amount recorded for policies issued and recognized on an annualized basis at the effective date of the policy. Management analyzes trends in written premium to assess business efforts. Earned premium, used in both statutory and GAAP accounting, is calculated ratably over the policy term. The difference between written and earned premium is unearned premium.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation

Balance Sheet Reconciliation

(Dollars are per share)


Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,


2016


2015


2016


2015

Value creation ratio:









   End of period book value


$

42.37



$

39.60



$

42.37



$

39.60


   Less beginning of period book value


40.96



40.22



39.20



40.14


   Change in book value


1.41



(0.62)



3.17



(0.54)


   Dividend declared to shareholders


0.48



0.46



0.96



0.92


   Total value creation


$

1.89



$

(0.16)



$

4.13



$

0.38











Value creation ratio from change in book value*


3.4

%


(1.5)

%


8.1

%


(1.4)

%

Value creation ratio from dividends declared to shareholders**


1.2



1.1



2.4



2.3


Value creation ratio


4.6

%


(0.4)

%


10.5

%


0.9

%










*    Change in book value divided by the beginning of period book value



**   Dividend declared to shareholders divided by beginning of period book value



 

 Net Income Reconciliation


(Dollars in millions except per share data)


Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,



2016


2015


2016


2015

   Net income


$

123



$

176



$

311



$

304


   Realized investment gains, net


28



38



68



69


   Operating income


95



138



243



235


   Less catastrophe losses


(107)



(51)



(129)



(79)


   Operating income before catastrophe losses


202



189



$

372



$

314











Diluted per share data:









   Net income


$

0.74